Conceptual Learning- Insight to Success
Everyone has understanding, resources and interest on which to build and is based entirely on new information that is explored. The learning transforms the existing understanding, that needs to be applied in new situations. The role of faculty members is critical in building learners understanding, clarifying misconceptions, observing and engaging with learners during the process of learning. Further, the interaction with peers and faculty members enhances the learning curve and may promote conceptual understanding. The effectivity of learning depends, when exposed to new, diverse and application oriented situations.
The basic understanding starts at school with prior knowledge in order to build up the concepts in advanced stage in order to impede conceptual learning. The learning includes a wide variety of skills, attitudes and competencies. Few of them are achieved through experience, conscious effort, by thinking and reasoning; and few by feelings. Let’s look into various approaches to conceptual learning.
- Cognitive learning (Thinking): It refers to intellectual learning and takes place in formal conditions only. It engages students in the learning processes, teaching them to use the brains more effectively for learning new things. It refers to gaining of information and ability to perceive relationships between different ideas, explaining phenomena in different ways etc., This learning process aims towards optimal thinking, understanding, retention and applying concepts. The fundamentals of cognitive approach assist to maintain a lifelong habit of continuous learning and makes a better learner and to excel in the opted profession. These strategies can transform to become a good speaker with defines vision and mission oriented approaches.
- Psychomotor learning (Doing): This learning involves muscular co-ordination and physical skills. The learning skills require large physical or motor components is referred to as psychomotor learning. Psychomotor learning is demonstrated by skills such as movement, coordination, manipulation, dexterity, grace, strength, speed, actions etc. The attention is given to the learning of coordinated activity involving the arms, hands, fingers, and feet, while verbal processes are not emphasized
- Affective Learning (Feeling): Fear, love, passion and dislikes illustrate learning involving emotions and feelings. This type of learning is called Affective learning. Affective learning is largely an outcome of socio-cultural and emotional atmosphere surrounding us. The situation and circumstances usually determine how we feel and what emotion gets learnt by us. The manner in which we deal with things emotionally, such as feelings, values, appreciation, enthusiasms, motivations, and attitudes. The affective domain is categorized into five levels, which include receiving, responding, valuing, organization, and characterization. It tracks the feelings or emotional areas throughout the learning experience.